Determine the list of criminal acts under the UAE’s Anti-Rumor and Cybercrime Law

The UAE legal authorities have identified a list of criminal acts under the UAE’s Anti-Rumor and Cybercrime Law to warn citizens and residents against committing any of them to protect themselves from punishment.

Find out what kinds of activities are considered illegal under the UAE's Anti-Rumor and Cybercrime Law.

Under the UAE's Anti-Rumor and Cybercrime Law, the country's legal authorities have compiled a list of activities that are considered illegal and have issued a warning to its citizens and residents to discourage them from engaging in any of these activities so that they can avoid being punished.

Details of the UAE Anti-Rumor and Cybercrime Law

Specifics on the United Arab Emirates' Anti-Rumor and Cybercrime Law, On January 2, 2022, the Federal Decree Law No. (34) of 2021 regarding Combating Rumors and Cybercrimes became active. This law is referred to as the "Law on Combating Rumors and Cybercrimes." The former federal law, Decree Federal Law No. 5 of 2012 about Combating Information Technology Crimes, has been superseded by this law, which has the same goals as its predecessor. The purpose of this law is to establish a comprehensive legal framework with the intention of enhancing society's protection against crimes perpetrated electronically through the use of Internet networks and technologies. Additionally, it attempts to protect websites and government databases in the United Arab Emirates, combat the propagation of misinformation, fake news, and electronic fraud, and defend privacy and personal rights.

Acts criminalized by the UAE’s Anti-Rumor and Cybercrime Law

Acts that are considered illegal under the Anti-Rumor and Cybercrime Law of the United Arab Emirates, Any person who may create or use a website or any information technology means to penetrate, attack, or tamper with government information systems and data, or publish false information, or information that harms the interests and security of the UAE, is subject to criminal prosecution and may face severe penalties under the law. These crimes and penalties are outlined in the law. The law also addresses other types of electronic crimes, such as the creation or modification of electronic robots for the purpose of transmitting false data in the country, the falsification of electronic documents, the attack of personal data and information, the tampering with medical data, bank accounts, secret codes, and electronic begging, in addition to the publication of data or information that does not comply with the standards for media content. It also includes making illegal content available and refusing to remove it, as well as creating or managing a website for human trafficking, incitement to immorality, publishing pornographic materials, violating public morals, transferring, possessing, using, or acquiring illegal funds, electronic fraud, blackmail, electronic threats, insults, and slander, and conducting statistical surveys or exploratory studies without a license. These offenses are punishable by a range of different types of jail time. In addition to that, criminal activity might entail advertising or promotion of the illegal activity. Misleading the consumer, promoting medical products without a license, calling and promoting demonstrations without a license, inciting non-compliance with legislation, insulting a foreign country, trafficking and promoting firearms, ammunition, or explosives, and providing misleading advertising or promotion to the consumer are all illegal activities.

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